Veterinary Epidemiology Questionbank -1

Contributed by:
Dr. JUSTIN DAVIS K
Division of Epidemiology
I.V.R.I, Izatnagar
Bareilly, UP 243122
Email: justindavis_k@hotmail.com

1. Which is the first veterinary school?
2. Quarantine was first introduced by——
3. First animal virus ——- and was identified by ——- & ——-
4. Disease which do not produce any overt clinical sign.
5. Study of outbreaks in avian population is known as——-
6. ——- Epidemiology involves observing and recording disease and possible causal factors.
7. ——- is the study of cause, distribution and control of disease in related individual and of inherited defects.
8. ——- is an examination of aggregation of units.
9. Survey records events occurring at a particular point of time.
10. Unit of an epidemiologist
11. ——- is the identification of undiagnosed cases of disease using rapid tests.
12. ——-is the making of routine observation on health, production and environmental factors and recording and dissemination of these observations.
13. ——- investigate relationship between disease and hypothetic causal factors in specified population.
14. ——- is comparison of exposed group with non exposed group to the factors with respect to development of disease.
15. ——-is any observable event that can vary.
16. Survey records events occurring for a long period of time.
17. ——- Factors are associated with the definite onset of disease.
18. Constant occurrence of disease in a population or usual frequency of occurrence of disease is known as——-
19. Sudden unpredictable number of cases in a population.
20. Widespread epidemic
21. Irregularly and haphazardly occurring diseases are known as ——-.
22. Amount of disease in a population is given by——-
23. Amount of death in a population is given by——-
24. Time of occurrence of a disease constitute——-distribution
25. Place of occurrence of disease constitute ——-distribution
26. ——-is the number of instance of disease or related attribute in a known population at designated time, with out distinction of new and old cases.
27. ——-is the number of new cases occur in a known population over a specified period of time.
28. ——-is the proportion of cases of a contagious disease that develop as a result of contact with primary cases.
29. P α I X——-
30. ——- is more intensive form of data recording.
31. Total mortality rate of all disease is known as——-
32. Map where line joining equal morbidity rate is ——- and mortality rate is——-
33. ——- is any characteristic that affects the health of a population.
34. Epidemiological triads are——-, ——- &——-
35. Ability of organism to cause disease in a particular host , in terms of severity is known as——-
36. ——- is quality of disease induction.
37. Sites with in genome that frequently mutate.
38. Infection of susceptible host with out overt clinical sign.
39. ——- is any animal sheds an agent with out clinical sign.
40. Animal which excrete agents during incubation period is known as——-
41. ——- Climate comprises of normal component weather to which animal are exposed.
42. Infection transmitted from one segment of population to the another segment of the population is known as——–
43. Infection transmitted from one generation to next generation is known as——-
44. Host in which agents are transmitted mechanically.
45. Host in which multiplication of agents takes place.
46. Inanimate vectors are called as——-
47. Cyclopropagative transmission is a combination of——-&——-
48. Example for stercorarian transmission.
49. ——- is the period between infection and maximum infectiousness.
50. Time between infection and availability of agent in an arthropod vector is known as——-
51. —— relates the amount of organism required to initiate an infection.
52. The length of time for which and organism can remain infective outside its host is known as the ——-
53. Switch from virulence to non-virulence
54. Transmission of disease from one generation to another via egg is known as.
55. Transmission from one developmental stage to another is known as——-
56. Rain forest are described as——- where as deciduous forest is ——-
57. ——- is the natural restriction where animal can roam.
58. Part of the animals home range that it defend aggressively from invaders is known as——-
59. According to Wynne Edward hypothesis population control was the main purpose of ——-
60. Which is the functional position of an animal in an ecosystem?
61. Avoidance of competition is usually in ——-animals.
62. Which is the smallest spatial unit providing uniform condition for life?
63. Collection of all living organism in a biotope is known as——-
64. Man made ecosystem
65. Junction of two ecosystem is known as——-
66. ——- is the modified patch of vegetation, created by man, with in a biome that has reached in a climax.
67. Study of disease in relation to ecosystem in which they are found is known as——-
68. Foci of infection.
69. An area that has ecological, social, and environmental condition that can support a disease is known as——-
70. ——- is a nosogenic territory in which a particular disease is present.
71. If all animal in a population are surveyed then it is known as——-
72. If relative risk is more than one it denotes——-
73. ——- is the decrease in mortality and morbidity.
74. Examples for primary prevention
75. Animal which excrete agents during recovery period is known as——-
76. Extinction of an agent
77. culling of infected animals during epidemic is often accompanies by the slaughter of animals that may have been exposed to infection and there fore be at risk of developing disease is known as ——-
78. Proportion of animals that are resistant to infection or disease in population.

Answers:
1. Lyon, France 1762
2. Lancisi, physician to Pope Clement XI from Rinderpest
3. FMD,Loeffler and Frosch.
4. Subclinical infection
5. Epornitics
6. Descriptive
7. Genetic epidemiology
8. Survey
9. Cross sectional survey
10. Population
11. Screening
12. Monitoring
13. Cross sectional study
14. Cohort study
15. Variable
16. Longitudinal study
17. Precipitating factors
18. Endemic
19. Epidemic
20. Pandemic
21. Sporadic
22. Morbidity
23. Mortality
24. Temporal
25. Spatial
26. Prevalence
27. Incidence
28. Secondary attack rate
29. D( duration)
30. Surveillance
31. Death rate
32. Isomorbs, isomorts
33. Determinant
34. Host, gent and environment
35. Virulence
36. Pathogenicity
37. Hot spot
38. Inapparent infection
39. Carrier
40. Incubatory carrier
41. Macro
42. Horizontal transmission
43. Vertical transmission
44. Paratenic host
45. Amplifier host
46. Fomits
47. Developmental and propagative
48. T.cruzi
49. Generation time
50. Extrinsic incubation period
51. Infectivity
52. Stability
53. Phase variation
54. Trans-overian
55. Transtadial
56. Megatherms and mesotherms
57. Home range
58. Territory
59. Group behavior
60. Niche
61. Sympatric animals
62. Biotope
63. Biocenosis
64. Anthropurgic
65. Ecological interface
66. Ecological mosaic
67. Landscape epidemiology
68. Nidi
69. Nosogenic area
70. Nosoarea
71. Census
72. Positive statistical association between factor and disease
73. Control
74. Vaccination and quarantine
75. Convalescent carriers
76. Eradication
77. Pre emptive slaughtering
78. Herd immunity

One Comment:

  1. Dr.Mamta Pathak

    Its very very helpful thank a lot for sharing ……..great job …

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