Veterinary Parasitology Questionbank -1

Contributed by:
Dr. Samarchith P Kurup
MVSc Scholar,
Division of Parasitology,
Indian Veterinary Research Institute,
Izatnagar, UP-243122

  1. Enzymes involved in hatching of Ascarid egg: Chitinase and esterases
  2. McLean counting system is devised for : Ascaris suum
  3. An ascarid without somatic migration: Toxascaris leonina (A. galli belongs to Family heterakidae)
  4. Herring worm: Anisakis
  5. Cod fish worm: Phoconema
  6. Hourglass shaped esophagus in : Oxyuris equi
  7. Hourglass shaped buccal capsule found in : Oxyspirura mansoni
  8. Funnel shaped pharynx: Haebronema megastoma
  9. Cup shaped buccal capsule with cusp shaped teeth: Stephanurus dentatus
  10. Parasite responsible for “ungroomed rat tail appearance” in horse: Oxyuris equi
  11. Caecal worm of poultry: Heterakis gallinae
  12. Nematodes with “H” shaped excretory system: Rhabditidae
  13. Characteristic “ear” shaped (dorsal) tooth in : Strongylus vulgaris
  14. “Morocco leather” appearance associated with: Ostertagia ostertagi
  15. “Ring worm like lesions” associated with: Trichostrongylus spp
  16. “Horse shoe” shaped ovary: Echinococcus granulosus
  17. “Boot” shaped spicule: Dictyocaulus filariae
  18. “Heart” shaped spicule: Nematodirus baltus
  19. “Lancet” shaped spicule: Nematodirus fillicolis
  20. “Spoon” shaped spicule: Nematodirus spathiger
  21. “Y” shaped dorsal ray: Haemonchus contortus
  22. Recurved spicules: Gaigeria pachyscelis
  23. No spicule: Trichinella spiralis
  24. Black scours worm: Trichostrongylus colubriformis
  25. Barber’s pole worm/ wire worm/ large stomach worm/ twisted stomach worm: Haemonchus contortus
  26. Eyeworm of poultry: Oxyspirura mansoni
  27. Brown stomach worm: Ostertagia ostertagi
  28. Red stomach worm of pig: Hyostrongylus rubidus
  29. Fox hook worm: Uncinaria stenocephala
  30. Pig hook worm: Globocephalus (G. urosubulatus, G. longimucornatus)
  31. Elephant hook worm: Barthomostomus (B. sangeri), Grammocephalus clatheratus
  32. Lungworm of dog: Filaroides osleri
  33. Lungworm of cat: Aleurostrongylus spp
  34. Lungworm of rat: Angiostrongylus cantonensis- causes “eosinophilic meningio encephalitis” in man
  35. Eddy worm: Class Turbellaria
  36. Larva with “S” shaped tail: Filaroides osleri
  37. Nurse cells characteristic of Trichinella spiralis
  38. “Stichosomes” are characteristic of: Trichurid esophagus
  39. “Cordons” in: Ascaridae
  40. “Bosses” in: Gongylonema
  41. Cuticle extended posteriorly beyond the tail of worm: Physaloptera spp
  42. Bursa strengthened with chitinous plate: Protostrongylus spp
  43. L1 with characteristic cuticular knob: Dictyocaulus filariae
  44. L1 with button hook tail: Dipetelonema dracunculoides
  45. Anterior helmet seen in: Dracunculus medenensis
  46. Definitive host of Dioctophyma renale: mink
  47. The dish “Fessikhs” is associated with: Heterophyses heterophyses
  48. The dish “Marrara” is associated with: Sparganosis
  49. Phenomenon of “progenesis” is associated with: Family Plagyorchidae
  50. “Furcocercus cercaria”: Schistosomes
  51. “Microcercus cercaria”: Paragonimidae
  52. “Xiphido cercaria”: Dicrocelium dendriticum
  53. Radia with “procruscula”: Fasciola spp
  54. Nematodes with flame cells: Class Acanthocephala (Macracanthorrhyncus hirudinaceus)
  55. Halzoun syndrome associated with: Fasciolosis and spirometrosis
  56. Cestode with “sickle” shaped hooks: Taenia spp
  57. Cestode with “rosethorn” shaped hooks: Dipylidium caninum
  58. Cestode with “Hammer” shaped hooks: Davinia spp
  59. Cestode with “bunch of grape” ovary: Dipylidium caninum
  60. Metacestode tetrathyridium is seen in: Family Mesocestoides
  61. Metacestode strobilocercus seen in: Taenia taeniformis (as Cysticercus fasciolaris)
  62. “Lapets” present in: Anoplocephala perfoliata
  63. “Dumbbell” shaped uterus: Stilasia hepatica
  64. Fringed tape worm: Thysanosoma actinoides
  65. Gravid uterus is replaced by egg capsule in: Family Linstowiidae
  66. Cooked rice grain appearance: monezia gravid segments
  67. Cucumber shaped segments: gravid segments of Dipylidium caninum

Following diseases/conditions are associated with

  1. Milk spots: Ascaris suum
  2. Balling up in horse: Parascaris equorum
  3. Mud colour faeces: Toxocara vitulorum
  4. Rat tail appearance: Oxyuris equi
  5. Black head: Heterakis gallinae (Egg carrier of Histomonas meleagridis)
  6. Parasitic otitis: Rabditis bovis
  7. Black scours: Trichostrongylus worms
  8. Villous atrophy: Trochostrongylus and Nematodirus
  9. Ringworm lesions: Trichostrogylus
  10. Morocco leather: Ostertagia ostertagi
  11. Pulpy kidney disease (with Cl. welchi): nematodirus
  12. Swimmer’s itch: Schistosoma spp (non human)
  13. Foot rot in sheep: Strongyloides papillosus
  14. Pimply gut: Oesophagostomum spp
  15. Colic in horse: Cythiostomum tetracanthum
  16. Haemorrhagic warts (in tracheal bifurcation): Filaroides osleri
  17. Fistulous whither: Onchocerca cervicalis
  18. Eosinophilic meningeo encephalitis in man: Angiostrongylus cantonensis
  19. Wahi /kaseri/ summer mange: Onchocerca spp
  20. Bursati / granular dermatitis/ summer sore: Habronema (cutaneous habronemiasis)
  21. Arteritis in horse: strongylidae family
  22. Oesophageal tumour: Spirocerca lupi
  23. Gastric tumour: Gnathostoma spinigerum and Habronema megastoma (Draschia megastoma)
  24. Cholangiocarcinoma: Clonorchis sinensis (oriental liver fluke/Chinese liver fluke)
  25. Urinary bladder carcinoma: Schistosoma haematobium
  26. “Swine fever” and epizootic pneumonia: Metastongylus spp
  27. Husk or hoose: Dictyocaulus viviparous
  28. Enzootic cerebrospinal nematodiasis: Setaria digitata
  29. Hump sore: Stephanofilaria assamensis
  30. Ear sore: Stephanofilaria zaheeri
  31. Fatal hemorrhagic enteritis in mink: Euryhelmis squamula
  32. Rot dropsy: Fasciola spp
  33. Snoring in cattle: Schostosoma nasalis
  34. Nodular taeniasis in poultry: Reilettina echinobothrida
  35. Hepatitis cysticercosa: Cysticercus tenuicollis
  36. Gid/Staggers: Coenurus cerebralis (of Taenia multiceps)
  37. False gid: Oestrus ovis (larva)
  38. Macrocytic / pernicious anemia: Diphyllobothrium latum
  39. LD bodies: Leishmaniosis
  40. KB bodies: Theileriosis
  41. Visceral Leishmaniosis: Leishmania donovani, L. chagasi, L. infantum
  42. PKDL: L. donovani
  43. Kala azar: L. donovani
  44. American kala azar: L. chagasi
  45. Rural zoonotic leishmaniasis: L. major
  46. Chiclero ulcer/ bay sore: L. mexicana mexicana
  47. Classical espundya: L. braziliensis braziliensis
  48. Uta: L. peruviana
  49. Nagana: Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolensi, T. vivax
  50. Souma: T. vivax in cattle
  51. African sleeping sickness: T. brucei gambiensi, T. brucei rhodasiensi
  52. Surra: T. evansi
  53. Tibarsa /Gufar: T. evansi in camel
  54. Mal de Cadares: T. equinum
  55. Dourine / equine syphilis: T. equiperdum
  56. Dollar spots: T. equiperdum
  57. Yellow buttons: Trichomonas gallinae (Avian trichomonosis)
  58. Saucer shaped ulcer in tissue: Histomonas meleagridis
  59. Suphur yellow faeces: Histomonas meleagridis
  60. Travellers diarrhea: Giardia lamblia
  61. Flask shaped ulcer: Entamoeba histolytica (in intestine)
  62. Red dysentery: Eimeria zuernii in cattle
  63. Rectal coccidiosis: Eimeria burnetti
  64. Ladder lesions in duodenum: Eimeria acervulina
  65. Signet ring: Plasmodium spp
  66. Texas fever/Red water fever/Bovine pyroplasmosis: Babesia spp in cattle
  67. Equine biliary fever: Babesia equi (now as Theilaria equi)
  68. Tropical bovine theileriosis: Theileria annulata
  69. Benign tropical thieileriosis: T. mutans
  70. East coast fever/ January disease: T. parva
  71. Buffalo disease/Corridor disease: T. lawrensi
  72. Malignant theileriosis: T. hirci
  73. Gall sickness: Anaplasma marginale

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